A-Z by Common Name: Trees, Ferns, Grasses, Rushes and Sedges

Trees   Ferns   Fern Allies   Grasses   Rushes and Wood-rushes   Sedges and Club-rushes   A-Z Latin name

Species listed are native to Ireland unless marked with an asterix*. Clicking the link from the Common name opens a page with photographs and plant details, please Contact me if you find mistakes or mis-identifications. Updated 24.07.09.

  COMMON LATIN IRISH
       
TREES and Large Shrubs A-Z Images
     
  Alder, common Alnus glutinosa Fearnóg
  Apple, crab Malus sylvestris Crann fia-úll
  Apple, domestic * Malus domestica Abhail
  Ash Fraxinus excelsior Fuinseog
  Beech * Fagus sylvatica Feá
  Birch, downy Betula pubescens Beith chlúmhach
  Blackthorn Prunus spinosa Draighean
  Buckthorn, alder Frangula alnus Draighean fearna
  Cherry plum * Prunus cerasifera
  Chestnut, sweet * Castanea sativa Castán
  Crab-apple Malus sylvestris Crann fia-úll
  Dogwood Cornus sanguinea Conbhaiscne
  Dogwood, white * Cornus alba
  Elder Sambucus nigra Trom
  Elm, English * Ulmus procera Leamhán gallda
  Guelder-rose Viburnum opulus Coar chon
  Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna Sceach gheal
  Hazel Corylus avellana Coll
  Holly Ilex aquifolium Cuileann
  Hornbeam * Carpinus betulus Crann sleamhain
  Horse-chestnut * Aesculus hippocastanum Crann cnó capaill
  Horse-chestnut, red * Aesculus x carnea
  Larch, European * Larix decidua
  Larch, Japanese * Larix kaempferi
  Laurel * Prunus laurocerasus Labhras silíní
  Lime * Tilia cordata x platyphyllos Teile
  Maple, field * Acer campestre Mailp
  Maple, Norway * Acer platanoides Mailp Lochlannach
  Oak, pendunculate Quercus robur Dair ghallda
  Oak, sessile Quercus petraea Dair ghaelach
  Pine, Scots * Pinus syvestris Péine Albanach
  Privet, garden * Ligustrum ovalifolium
  Privet, wild Ligustrum vulgare Pribhéad
  Rowan Sorbus aucuparia Caorthann
  Spindle Euonymus europaeus Feoras
  Strawberry-tree Arbutus unedo Caithne
  Sycamore * Acer pseudoplatanus Seiceamóir
  Whitebeam Sorbus aria Fionncholl
  Whitebeam, Irish Sorbus hibernica Fionncholl gaelach
  Willow, almond * Salix triandra Saileach na dtrí bhall
  Willow, creeping Salix repens Saileach reatha
  Willow, Grey sallow Salix cinerea Saileach liath
  Willow, Osier * Salix viminalis Saileánach
  Yew Taxus baccata Iúr
       
       
  FERNS A-Z Images Return to Top
       
  Bladder-fern, brittle Cystopteris fragilis Raithneach bhriosc
  Bladder-fern, diaphanous Cystopteris diaphana  
  Bracken Pteridium aquilinum Raithneach mhór
  Buckler-fern, broad Dryopteris dilatata Raithneach leathan
  Buckler-fern, hay-scented Dryopteris aemula Raithneach chumhra
  Filmy-fern, Tunbridge Hymenophyllum tunbrigense Dallán coille
  Filmy-fern, Wilsons Hymenophyllum wilsonii Dallán sléibhe
  Hard fern Blechnum spicant Raithneach chrua
  Hart's-tongue Asplenium scolopendrum Creamh na muice fia
  Hart's-tongue Phyllitis scolopendrium Creamh na muice fia
  Killarney fern Trichomanes speciosum Raithneach Chill Airne
  Lady-fern Athyrium filix-femina Raithneach Mhuire
  Lemon-scented fern Oreopteris limbosperma Raithneach bhuí
  Maidenhair fern Adiantum capillis-veneris Dúchosach
  Male fern Dryopteris filix-mas Raithneach mhadra
  Male Fern, crested * Dryopteris affinis 'Cristata'  
  Male Fern, scaly Dryopteris affinis Raithneach ghainneach
  Polypody Polypodium agg. Scim
  Polypody, common Polypodium vulgare Scim chaol
  Polypody, intermediate Polypodium interjectum Scim mheánach
  Polypody, southern Polypodium cambricum Scim leathan
  Royal fern Osmunda regalis Raithneach ríuíl
  Rusty-back Ceterach officinarum Raithneach rua
  Shield-fern, hard Polystitchum aculeatum Ibheag chrua
  Shield-fern, soft Polystitchum setiferum Ibheag bhog
  Spleenwort, black Asplenium adiantum-nigrum Fionncha dubh
  Spleenwort, maidenhair Asplenium trichomanes Lus na seilge
  Spleenwort, sea Asplenium marinum Fionncha mara
  Wall-rue Asplenium ruta-muraria Luibh na seacht ngábh
  Water fern * Azolla filiculoides Raithneach uisce
     
       
  FERN ALLIES A-Z Images Return to Top
       
  Clubmoss, fir Huperzia selago Aiteann Muire
  Clubmoss, Kraus's Selaginella kraussiana Garbhógach gharraí
  Clubmoss, lesser Selaginella selaginoides Garbhógach bheag
  Clubmoss, marsh Lycopodiella inundata Garbhógach chorraigh
  Horsetail, field Equisetum arvense Scuab eich ghoirt
  Horsetail, great Equisetum telmateia Feadóg
  Horsetail, marsh Equisetum palustre Scuab eich chorraigh
  Horsetail, water Equisetum fluviatile Scuab eich uisce
  Horsetail, wood Equisetum sylvaticum Scuab eich choille
     
       
  GRASSES (Poaceae) A-Z Images Return to Top
       
  Barley, two-rowed * Hordeum distichon
  Barley, wall * Hordeum murinum Cuiseogach fhionn
  Bent, common Agrostis capillaris Feorainn mhín
  Bent, creeping Agrostis stolonifera Feorainn
  Brome, barren Anisantha sterilis Brómas aimrid
  Brome, great * Anisantha diandra
  Brome, meadow Bromus commutatus Brómas móinéir
  Brome, smooth Bromus racemosus Brómas mín
  Brome, soft Bromus hordeaceus Brómas bog
  Brome, soft (subsp) Bromus hordeaceus ssp.thominei
  Canary-grass, reed Phalaris arundinaceae Cuiscreach
  Canary-grass * Phalaris canariensis Féar síl éin
  Cocks-foot Dactylis glomerata Garbhfhéar
  Cord-grass, common * Spartina anglica Spairtíneach ghalla
  Couch Elytrigia repens Broimfhéar
  Couch (var) Elytrigia repens var. pubescens Broimfhéar
  Couch, sand Elytrigia juncea Broimfhéar gainimh
  Couch, sea * Elytrigia atherica Broimfhéar mara
  Couch, sea x sand Elytrigia x acuta
  Dogs-tail, crested Cynosurus cristatus Coinfhéar
  False-brome, wood Brachypodium sylvaticum Brómas bréige
  Fern-grass Catapodium rigidum Feár raithní
  Fern-grass, sea Catapodium marinum Feár trá
  Fescue, dune Vulpia fasciculata Feisciú duimhche
  Fescue, meadow Festuca pratensis Feisciú móinéir
  Fescue, rat's-tail Vulpia myuros Feisciú móinéir
  Fescue, red Festuca rubra Feisciú rua
  Fescue, sheeps Festuca ovina Feisciú caorach
  Fescue, squirreltail Vulpia bromoides Feisciú aimrid
  Fescue, Tall Festuca arundinacea Feisciú ard
  Fescue, viviparous Festuca vivipara Feisciú beobhreitheach
  Fescue, wood Festuca altissima Feisciú coille
  Foxtail, marsh Alopecurus geniculatus Fiteog cham
  Foxtail, meadow Alopecurus pratensis Fiteog léana
  Hair-grass, crested Koeleria macrantha Cailcfhéar
  Hair-grass, early Aira praecox Mionfhéar luath
  Hair-grass, silver Aira caryophyllea Mionfhéar geal
  Hair-grass, tufted Deschampsia cespitosa Móinfhéar garbh
  Hair-grass, wavy Deschampsia flexuosa Móinfhéar
  Hard-grass, sea Parapholis strigosa Cruafhéar
  Heath-grass Danthonia decumbens Féar caoráin
  Marram Ammophila arenaria Muiríneach
  Mat-grass Nardus stricta Beiteán
  Meadow-grass, annual Poa annua Cuise bliantúil
  Meadow-grass, rough Poa trivialis Cuise garbh
  Meadow-grass, smooth Poa pratensis Cuise reatha
  Moor-grass, blue Sesleria caerula Féar boirne
  Moor-grass, purple Molinia caerulea Fionnán
  Oat * Avena sativa Coirce
  Oat, wild Avena fatua Coirce fiáin
  Oat-grass, downy Helictotrichon pubescens Coirce clumhach
  Oat-grass, false Arrhenatherum elatius Coirce bréige
  Oat-grass, French * Gaudinia fragilis Coirce búi
  Oat-grass, yellow Trisetum flavescens Gáidín
  Pampas-grass * Cortaderia selloana
  Quaking-grass Briza media Féar gortach
  Quaking-grass, greater * Briza maxima
  Reed, common Phragmites australis Giolcach
  Rye-grass, Italian * Lolium multiflorum Seagalach lodálach
  Rye-grass, Italian x perennial Lolium x boucheanum
  Rye-grass, perennial Lolium perenne Seagalach buan
  Saltmarsh-grass, common Puccinellia maritima Féar muirisce
  Sand-grass, early Mibora minima
  Sweet-grass, floating Glyceria fluitans Milseán uisce
  Timothy-grass Phleum pratense Tiomóid
  Vernal-grass, sweet Anthoxanthum odoratum Féar cumhra
  Wheat, bread Triticum aestivum  
  Whorl-grass, water Catabrosa aquatica var.uniflora Casfhéar uisce
  Wind-grass, New Zealand * Stipa arundinacea
  Wood-millet Milium effusum Muiléad coille
  Yorkshire Fog Holcus lanatus Féar an chinn bháin
     
     
  RUSHES and WOOD-RUSHES (Juncaceae) A-Z Images Return to Top
       
  Rush, bulbous Juncus bulbosus Luachair bhleibeach
  Rush, compact Juncus conglomeratus Luachair dhlúth
  Rush, hard Juncus inflexus Luachair chrua
  Rush, heath Juncus squarrosus Luachair chaoráin
  Rush, jointed Juncus articulatus Lachán na ndamh
  Rush, leafy Juncus foliosus Buafluachair dhuilleach
  Rush, saltmarsh Juncus gerardi Luachair mhuirisce
  Rush, sea Juncus maritimus Meathán mara
  Rush, sharp Juncus acutus Luachair bhiorach
  Rush, sharp-flowered Juncus acutiflorus Fiastalach
  Rush, slender * Juncus tenuis Luachair chaol
  Rush, soft Juncus effusus Geataire
  Rush, toad Juncus bufonius Buafluachair
  Wood-rush, field Luzula campestris Giúnach léana
  Wood-rush, great Luzula sylvatica Giúnach mór
  Wood-rush, hairy Luzula pilosa Giúnach coille
  Wood-rush, heath Luzula multiflora Giúnach caoráin
  Wood-rush, heath L.multiflora ssp.congesta Giúnach caoráin
     
       
  SEDGES and CLUB-RUSHES (Cyperaceae) A-Z Images Return to Top
       
  Beak-sedge, white Rhynchospora alba Gobsheisc
  Bog-rush, black Schoenus nigricans Sifín
  Club-rush, bristle Isolepis setacea Crualuachair bhiorach
  Club-rush, common Schoenoplectus lacustris Bogshifín
  Club-rush, floating Eleogiton fluitans Brobh ar snámh
  Club-rush, grey Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Bogshifín liath
  Club-rush, sea Bolboschoenus maritimus Bogshifín mara
  Club-rush, slender Isolepis cernua Crualuachair chaol
  Cottongrass, broad-leaved Eriophorum latifolium Ceannbhán leathan
  Cottongrass, common Eriophorum angustifolium Ceannbhán
  Cottongrass, hare's-tail Eriophorum vaginatum Ceannbhán gaelach
  Deergrass Trichophorum cespitosum Cíb cheanngheal
  Fen-sedge, great Cladium mariscus Sábhsheisc
  Fox-sedge, false Carex otrubae Cíb an mhadra rua
  Galingale, pale * Cyperus eragrostis
  Pond-sedge, greater Carex riparia Cíb locháin mhór
  Sedge, bladder Carex vesicaria Cíb bhoilgneach
  Sedge, bottle Carex rostrata Cíb ghobach
  Sedge, brown Carex disticha Cíb rua
  Sedge, carnation Carex panicea Cíb chruithneachta
  Sedge, common Carex nigra Cíb dhubh
  Sedge, distant Carex distans Cíb scrogallach
  Sedge, flea Carex pulicaris Cíb na ndreancaidí
  Sedge, glaucous Carex flacca Cíb liathghorm
  Sedge, green-ribbed Carex binervis Cíb fhéithghlas
  Sedge, grey Carex divulsa Cíb liath
  Sedge, long-bracted Carex extensa Cíb fhada
  Sedge, oval Carex ovalis Cíb mhaol
  Sedge, pale Carex pallescens Cíb gheal
  Sedge, pendulous Carex pendula Cíb chrom
  Sedge, pill Carex pilulifera Cíb na bpaidríní
  Sedge, remote Carex remota Cíb scartha
  Sedge, sand Carex arenaria Cíb ghainimh
  Sedge, smooth-stalked Carex laevigata Cíb mhín
  Sedge, spring Carex caryophyllea Cíb earraigh
  Sedge, star Carex echinata Cíb na réaltaí
  Sedge, tawny Carex hostiana Cíb odhar
  Sedge, wood Carex sylvatica Cíb choille
  Spike-rush, common Eleocharis palustris Cíb dhéise
  Tussock-sedge, greater Carex paniculata Cíb thortógach
  Yellow-sedge, common Carex viridula ssp.oedocarpa Cíb bhuí mhóna
  Yellow-sedge, long-stalked Carex viridula ssp. brachyrrhyncha Cíb bhui chosach
  Wood-sedge, starved Carex depauperata Cíb choille bhocht
       
  BULRUSH TYPHACEAE Return to Top
       
  Bulrush Typha latifolia Coigeal na mban sí
     

Trees   Ferns   Fern Allies   Grasses   Rushes and Wood-rushes   Sedges and Club-rushes   A-Z Latin name

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