A-Z by Latin Name: Trees, Ferns, Grasses, Rushes and Sedges

Trees   Ferns   Fern Allies   Grasses   Rushes and Wood-rushes   Sedges and Club-rushes   A-Z Common name

The species listed are native to Ireland unless marked with an asterix*. Clicking the link from the Latin name will open a page with photographs and plant details, please Contact me if you find mistakes or mis-identifications. Updated 24.07.09.

  LATIN COMMON IRISH
       
TREES and Large Shrubs A-Z Images
     
  Acer campestre * Maple, field Mailp
  Acer platanoides * Maple, Norway Mailp Lochlannach
  Acer pseudoplatanus * Sycamore Seiceamóir
  Aesculus hippocastanum * Horse-chestnut Crann cnó capaill
  Aesculus x carnea * Horse-chestnut, red
  Alnus glutinosa Alder, common Fearnóg
  Arbutus unedo Strawberry-tree Caithne
  Betula pendula Birch, silver Beith gael
  Betula pubescens Birch, downy Beith chlúmhach
  Carpinus betulus * Hornbeam Crann sleamhain
  Castanea sativa * Chestnut, sweet Castán
  Cornus alba * Dogwood, white
  Cornus sanguinea Dogwood Conbhaiscne
  Corylus avellana Hazel Coll
  Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn Sceach gheal
  Euonymus europaeus Spindle Feoras
  Fagus sylvatica * Beech Feá
  Frangula alnus Alder buckthorn Draighean fearna
  Fraxinus excelsior Ash Fuinseog
  Ilex aquifolium Holly Cuileann
  Larix decidua * Larch, European
  Ligustrum ovalifolium * Privet, garden
  Ligustrum vulgare Privet, wild Pribhéad
  Larix kaempferi * Larch, Japanese
  Malus domestica * Apple, domestic Abhail
  Malus sylvestris Crab-apple Crann fia-úll
  Pinus sylvestris Pine, Scots Péine Albanach
  Prunus cerasifera * Cherry-plum
  Prunus laurocerasus * Laurel Labhras silíní
  Prunus spinosa Blackthorn Draighean
  Quercus petraea Oak, sessile Dair ghaelach
  Quercus robur Oak, pendunculate Dair ghallda
  Salix cinerea Grey sallow willow Saileach liath
  Salix repens Willow, creeping Saileach reatha
  Salix triandra * Willow, almond Saileach na dtrí bhall
  Salix viminalis * Osier Saileánach
  Sambucus nigra Elder Trom
  Sorbus hibernica Whitebeam, Irish Fionncholl gaelach
  Sorbus aria Whitebeam Fionncholl
  Sorbus aucuparia Rowan Caorthann
  Taxus baccata Yew Iúr
  Tilia cordata x platyphyllos * Lime Teile
  Ulmus procera * Elm, English Leamhán gallda
  Viburnum opulus Guelder-rose Coar chon
       
       
  FERNS A-Z Images Return to Top
       
  Adiantum capillis-veneris Maidenhair Fern Dúchosach
  Asplenium adiantum-nigrum Spleenwort, black Fionncha dubh
  Asplenium marinum Spleenwort, sea Fionncha mara
  Asplenium ruta-muraria Wall-rue Luibh na seacht ngábh
  Asplenium scolopendrum Harts-tongue Creamh na muice fia
  Asplenium trichomanes Spleenwort, maidenhair Lus na seilge
  Athyrium filix-femina Lady-fern Raithneach Mhuire
  Azolla filiculoides * Water fern Raithneach uisce
  Blechnum spicant Hard fern Raithneach chrua
  Ceterach officinarum Rusty-back Raithneach rua
  Cystopteris diaphana Bladder-fern, diaphanous  
  Cystopteris fragilis Bladder-fern, brittle Raithneach bhriosc
  Dryopteris aemula Buckler-fern, hay-scented Raithneach chumhra
  Dryopteris affinis Male Fern, scaly Raithneach ghainneach
  Dryopteris affinis 'Cristata' * Male Fern, crested  
  Dryopteris dilatata Buckler-fern, broad Raithneach leathan
  Dryopteris filix-mas Male fern Raithneach mhadra
  Hymenophyllum tunbrigense Filmy-fern, Tunbridge Dallán coille
  Hymenophyllum wilsonii Filmy-fern, Wilson's Dallán sléibhe
  Oreopteris limbosperma Lemon-scented fern Raithneach bhuí
  Osmunda regalis Royal fern Raithneach ríuíl
  Phyllitis scolopendrium Hart's-tongue Creamh na muice fia
  Polypodium agg. Polypody Scim
  Polypodium cambricum Polypody, southern Scim leathan
  Polypodium interjectum Polypody, intermediate Scim mheánach
  Polypodium vulgare Polypody, common Scim chaol
  Polystitchum aculeatum Shield-fern, hard Ibheag chrua
  Polystitchum setiferum Shield-fern, soft Ibheag bhog
  Pteridium aquilinum Bracken Raithneach mhór
  Trichomanes speciosum Killarney fern Raithneach Chill Airne
     
       
  FERN ALLIES A-Z Images Return to Top
       
  Equisetum arvense Horsetail, field Scuab eich ghoirt
  Equisetum fluviatile Horsetail, water Scuab eich uisce
  Equisetum palustre Horsetail, marsh Scuab eich chorraigh
  Equisetum sylvaticum Horsetail, wood Scuab eich choille
  Equisetum telmateia Horsetail, great Feadóg
  Huperzia selago Clubmoss, fir Aiteann Muire
  Lycopodiella inundata Clubmoss, marsh Garbhógach chorraigh
  Selaginella kraussiana * Clubmoss, Kraus's Garbhógach gharraí
  Selaginella selaginoides Clubmoss, lesser Garbhógach bheag
     
       
  GRASSES (Poaceae) A-Z Images Return to Top
       
  Agrostis capillaris Bent, common Feorainn mhín
  Agrostis stolonifera Bent, creeping Feorainn
  Aira caryophyllea Hair-grass, silver Mionfhéar geal
  Aira praecox Hair-grass, early Mionfhéar luath
  Alopecurus geniculatus Foxtail, marsh Fiteog cham
  Alopecurus pratensis Foxtail, meadow Fiteog léana
  Ammophila arenaria Marram Grass Muiríneach
  Anisantha diandra * Brome, great
  Anisantha sterilis Brome, barren Brómas aimrid
  Anthoxanthum odoratum Vernal-grass, sweet Féar cumhra
  Arrhenatherum elatius Oat-grass, false Coirce bréige
  Avena fatua Oat, wild Coirce fiáin
  Avena sativa * Oat Coirce
  Brachypodium sylvaticum False-brome, wood Brómas bréige
  Briza maxima * Quaking-grass, greater
  Briza media Quaking-grass Féar gortach
  Bromus commutatus Brome, meadow Brómas móinéir
  Bromus hordeaceus Brome, soft Brómas bog
  Bromus hordeaceus ssp.thominei Brome, soft subspecies
  Bromus racemosus Brome, smooth Brómas mín
  Catabrosa aquatica var.uniflora Whorl-grass, water Casfhéar uisce
  Catapodium marinum Fern-grass, sea Feár trá
  Catapodium rigidum Fern-grass Feár raithní
  Cortaderia selloana * Pampas-grass
  Cynosurus cristatus Dogs-tail, crested Coinfhéar
  Dactylis glomerata Cocks-foot Garbhfhéar
  Danthonia decumbens Heath-grass Féar caoráin
  Deschampsia cespitosa Hair-grass, tufted Móinfhéar garbh
  Deschampsia flexuosa Hair-grass, wavy Móinfhéar
  Elytrigia atherica * Couch, sea Broimfhéar mara
  Elytrigia juncea Couch, sand Broimfhéar gainimh
  Elytrigia repens Couch Broimfhéar
  Elytrigia repens var. pubescens Couch (var) Broimfhéar
  Elytrigia x acuta Couch, sea x sand Return to Top
  Festuca altissima Fescue, wood Feisciú coille
  Festuca arundinacea Fescue, tall Feisciú ard
  Festuca ovina Fescue, sheep's Feisciú caorach
  Festuca pratensis Fescue, meadow Feisciú móinéir
  Festuca rubra Fescue, red Feisciú rua
  Festuca vivipara Fescue, viviparous Feisciú beobhreitheach
  Gaudinia fragilis Oat-grass, French Gáidín
  Glyceria fluitans Sweet-grass, floating Milseán uisce
  Helictotrichon pubescens Oat-grass, downy Coirce clumhach
  Holcus lanatus Yorkshire Fog Féar an chinn bháin
  Hordeum distichon * Barley, two-rowed
  Hordeum murinum * Barley, wall Cuiseogach fhionn
  Koeleria macrantha Hair-grass, crested Cailcfhéar
  Lolium multiflorum * Rye-grass, Italian Seagalach lodálach
  Lolium perenne Rye-grass, perennial Seagalach buan
  Lolium x boucheanum Rye-grass, Italian x perennial
  Milium effusum Wood-millet Muiléad coille
  Mibora minima Sand-grass, early
  Molinia caerulea Moor-grass, purple Fionnán
  Nardus stricta Mat-grass Beiteán
  Parapholis strigosa Hard-grass, sea Cruafhéar
  Phalaris arundinaceae Canary-grass, reed Cuiscreach
  Phalaris canariensis * Canary-grass Féar síl éin
  Phleum pratense Timothy-grass Tiomóid
  Phragmites australis Reed, common Giolcach
  Poa annua Meadow-grass, annual Cuise bliantúil
  Poa pratensis Meadow-grass, smooth Cuise reatha
  Poa trivialis Meadow-grass, rough Cuise garbh
  Puccinellia maritima Saltmarsh-grass, common Féar muirisce
  Sesleria caerula Moor-grass, blue Féar boirne
  Spartina anglica * Cord-grass, common Spairtíneach ghalla
  Stipa arundinacea * Wind-grass, New Zealand
  Trisetum flavescens * Oat-grass, yellow Coirce búi
  Triticum aestivum Bread wheat  
  Vulpia bromoides Fescue, squirreltail Feisciú aimrid
  Vulpia fasciculata Fescue, dune Feisciú duimhche
  Vulpia myuros Fescue, rat's-tail Feisciú móinéir
     
     
  RUSHES and WOOD-RUSHES (Juncaceae) A-Z Images Return to Top
       
  Juncus acutiflorus Rush, sharp-flowered Fiastalach
  Juncus acutus Rush, sharp Luachair bhiorach
  Juncus articulatus Rush, jointed Lachán na ndamh
  Juncus bufonius Rush, toad Buafluachair
  Juncus bulbosus Rush, bulbous Luachair bhleibeach
  Juncus conglomeratus Rush, compact Luachair dhlúth
  Juncus effusus Rush, soft Geataire
  Juncus foliosus Rush, leafy Buafluachair dhuilleach
  Juncus gerardii Rush, saltmarsh Luachair mhuirisce
  Juncus inflexus Rush, hard Luachair chrua
  Juncus maritimus Rush, sea Meathán mara
  Juncus squarrosus Rush, heath Luachair chaoráin
  Juncus tenuis * Rush, slender Luachair chaol
  Luzula campestris Wood-rush, field Giúnach léana
  Luzula multiflora Wood-rush, heath Giúnach caoráin
  Luzula multiflora ssp. congesta Wood-rush, heath Giúnach caoráin
  Luzula pilosa Wood-rush, hairy Giúnach coille
  Luzula sylvatica Wood-rush, great Giúnach mór
     
       
  SEDGES and CLUB-RUSHES (Cyperaceae) A-Z Images Return to Top
       
  Bolboschoenus maritimus Club-rush, sea Bogshifín mara
  Carex arenaria Sedge, sand Cíb ghainimh
  Carex binervis Sedge, green-ribbed Cíb fhéithghlas
  Carex caryophyllea Sedge, spring Cíb earraigh
  Carex depauperata Wood-sedge, starved Carex depauperata
  Carex distans Sedge, distant Cíb scrogallach
  Carex disticha Sedge, brown Cíb rua
  Carex divulsa Sedge, grey Cíb liath
  Carex echinata Sedge, star Cíb na réaltaí
  Carex extensa Sedge, long-bracted Cíb fhada
  Carex flacca Sedge, glaucous Cíb liathghorm
  Carex hostiana Sedge, tawny Cíb odhar
  Carex laevigata Sedge, smooth-stalked Cíb mhín
  Carex nigra Sedge, common Cíb dhubh
  Carex otrubae Fox-sedge, false Cíb an mhadra rua
  Carex ovalis Sedge, oval Cíb mhaol
  Carex pallescens Sedge, pale Cíb gheal
  Carex panicea Sedge, carnation Cíb chruithneachta
  Carex paniculata Tussock Sedge, greater Cíb thortógach
  Carex pendula Sedge, pendulous Cíb chrom
  Carex pilulifera Sedge, pill Cíb na bpaidríní
  Carex pulicaris Sedge, flea Cíb na ndreancaidí
  Carex remota Sedge, remote Cíb scartha
  Carex riparia Pond-sedge, greater Cíb locháin mhór
  Carex rostrata Sedge, bottle Cíb ghobach
  Carex sylvatica Sedge, wood Cíb choille
  Carex vesicaria Sedge, bladder Cíb bhoilgneach
  Carex viridula ssp.brachyrrhyncha Yellow-sedge, long-stalked Cíb bhui chosach
  Carex viridula ssp.oedocarpa Yellow-sedge, common Cíb bhuí mhóna
  Cladium mariscus Fen-sedge, great Sábhsheisc
  Cyperus eragrostis * Galingale, pale
  Eleocharis palustris Spike-rush, common Cíb dhéise
  Eleogiton fluitans Club-rush, floating Brobh ar snámh
  Eriophorum angustifolium Cotton-grass, common Ceannbhán
  Eriophorum latifolium Cotton-grass, broad-leaved Ceannbhán leathan
  Eriophorum vaginatum Cotton-grass, hare's-tail Ceannbhán gaelach
  Isolepis cernua Club-rush, slender Crualuachair chaol
  Isolepis setacea Club-rush, bristle Crualuachair bhiorach
  Rhynchospora alba Beak-sedge, white Gobsheisc
  Schoenoplectus lacustris Club-rush, common Bogshifín
  Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani Club-rush, grey Bogshifín liath
  Schoenus nigricans Bog-rush, black Sifín
  Trichophorum cespitosum Deergrass Cíb cheanngheal
       
  BULRUSH TYPHACEAE Return to Top
       
  Typha latifolia Bulrush Coigeal na mban sí
     

Trees   Ferns   Fern Allies   Grasses   Rushes and Wood-rushes   Sedges and Club-rushes   A-Z Common name

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